About Sikkim

Sikkim Is One Among Some Noted Leading Tourist Destinations In India On The Great Himalayan Belt. Spiritually It Is Believed That Sikkim Is One Of The Hidden Paradise Bayul Blessed By Guru Padmasamvawa And Indrakil The Hindu Believers Say So. Sikkim Is A Great Place For Studies, Exploration And Adventure. With A Pleasant Atmosphere And Compassionate Administration Sikkim Offers To The Tourism World A Peaceful And Beautiful Tiny Destination.

 

 

 

General Information
Snuggled Cozily In The Himalayas, Sikkim Is The Second Smallest And The Least Populated State Of India. This Thumb-Shaped State Is Landlocked By Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan, And The Indian State Of West Bengal From All The Four Sides. Also Called 'Indrakil' Or The Garden Of Indra, Sikkim Is An Ancient Land That Has Been Mentioned In The Religious Scriptures Of The Hindus. Its Glorious History Utters That This State Has Been Influenced By The Neighbouring Countries And Their Cultures. The 'Lepchas' Who Were The Very First Inhabitants Of Sikkim Fashioned The Customs And Traditions Of This State, While Keeping Their Own Distinctiveness Alive.

 

The Seeds Of Buddhism Were Sown By Guru Rinpoche, Who Happened To Pass Through This Lovely State In The 9th Century. Gone Is The History, But The Impact That This Beautiful Has Made On The Minds Of People Would Certainly Be Remembered For The Ages To Come. As The Economy Of Sikkim Is Growing At A Fast Pace, It Has Been Found, Tourism Prospects Are Contributing To The Major Part Of State's Revenue. Gangtok, The Picturesque Hill-Station In The North-East, Serves As The State's Administrative Capital.

 

Sikkim Also Holds The Distinction Of Embracing The World's Third Highest Peak, Kanchenjunga, In Its Periphery. It Doesn't Only Enjoy Temperate, Salubrious Climate But Also A Superb Location, Accompanied By Lakes, Rivers, Springs, Flora & Fauna, Snow-Clad Mountains, Etc. Though People Of Different Origins Have Settled Here, Their Harmonious Approach Perks Up With The Grand Celebration Of Fairs And Festivals. Sikkim, Undoubtedly, Is A Peaceful, Serene State That Is Increasingly Getting Popular Due To Its Scenic Beauty And Biodiversity.

 

Location
Between Nepal, Bhutan & The Tibetan Autonomous Region Of The People's Republic Of China.

 

People
Over 03 Ethnic Groups & 03 Principal Languages (Bhutia, Lepcha, Nepali). & Language Spoken Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, English & Hindi.

 

Vegetation
Sikkim Possesses Some Of The Most Outstanding Bio-Diversity In The World, Ranging From Sub-Tropical Rain-Forests To Alpine Deserts.

 

Climate
Climate Ranges From Sub-Tropical In The Low Lands To Arctic In Higher Altitudes.

 

Flora And Fauna
840 Different Species Of Wet-Land, Migratory And Residential Birds. 8% Of The World's Population Of Birds. 11 Of The 15 Butterfly Families In The World.2% Of The Flowering Plants.4% Of Mammals On Earth.

 

Avifauna Of Sikkim Includes Impeyan Pheasant, The Crimson Horned Pheasant, The Snow Partridge, The Snow Cock, The Lammergeyer And Griffon Vultures, As Well As Golden Eagles, Quail, Plovers, Woodcock, Sandpipers, Pigeons, Old World Flycatchers, Babblers And Robins. A Total Of 550 Species Of Birds Have Been Recorded In Sikkim, Some Of Them Belong To Endangered Species. The Following Are The National Parks And Sanctuaries Of Sikkim.

Forecasted Climate Chart

 

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Chances Of Dry Day 95% 91% 91% 85% 74% 54% 33% 37% 62% 88% 98% 99%
Hours Of Sunshine 5:54 5:39 7:37 9:3 5:43 4:54 2:37 2:23 3:18 5:12 5:12 5:06

 

Fairs & Festival

The Fairs And Festivals In Sikkim Are Celebrated According To Buddhist Calendar. During These Festivals The People Of Sikkim Perform Colorful Dance And Music. Chaam Is One Of The Most Interesting Form Of Ritual Dance Of The Lamas, Which Feature Colorful Masks And Charming Musical Instruments And Are Held At Various Monasteries During The Festivals. Costumed Lamas With Gaily Painted Masks, Ceremonial Swords And Sparkling Jewels, Leap And Swing To The Rhythm Of Drums, Horns And Music. Some Of The Festivals Which Are Celebrated In Sikkim Are Losoong, Bumchu, Saga Dawa And Phang Lhabsol.

 

Sakewa (Rai):
Sakewa Is One Of The Important Festivals Of Kirat Rai Community, Which Is Celebrated Annually In The Month Baisak. The Nine Day Long Ceremony Starts From The Full Moon Day Of Baisak, In Which Mother Earth Is Worshipped. The Sakewa Puja Is Usually Performed By The Nakchhong (Priest) With The Help Of Mongpas In A Open Place As Community Puja.

 

 

 

 


Mha Puja (Newar):
The Worship Of Inner Self, Mha Puja, Is An Important Festival Of New People. Mha Puja Is Performed For Purification, Strengthening And Understanding Of Oneself. It Also Exposes Relationship Between Human And The Nature And Its Cosmos.

 

Tyohar:
Just After Fortnight Of Celebration Of Dassai, Tyohar Is Celebrated. The Day Marks The Return Of Hindu God Ram To His Capital After Vanquishing Ravana In A Bloody Battle At Lanka. The Day Is Also Observed As Laxmi Puja, The Festival Of Lights. Bhaitika Is A Unique Feature Of Tyohar Festival In Which Sisters Prays For The Betterment And Long Life Of Their Brothers.

 

Dasai (Nepali): The Fortnight Long Festival Usually Falls In The Month Of October, In Which Goddess Durga Is Worshipped.

 

Maghey Sakkranti: Like In Other Parts Of The Country, Maghey Sankranti Is Also Observed In The Month Of January. It Is Celebrated On The First Day Of The Month Of Magh (January) Continues For Three Days: It Is One Of The Holy Festivals Of Hindus. Huge Fairs Are Organised Along The River Banks And Confluence Of The Rivers, Jorethang, Saramsa, Rorathang And Triveni Are The Important Places Where Such Fairs Are Held Every Year. The Rituals Are Solemnised From Dawn At The Banks Of The Rivers, Which Is Indeed A Rare Spectle To Watch.

 

 

 

Chaite Dassain/ Ram Nawami:
This Religious Festival Is Usually Observed In The Month March. The Day Signifies The Birth Of Lord Rama.

 

Sonam Losoong:
Sonam Losoong Is A New Year Celebration Of Sikkimese Bhutia, Falls On The 1`8th Day Of 10th Month Of Tibetan Lunar Calendar, When The Harvesting Season Is Over. On The Occasion Pujas Are Performed For Peace And Prosperity For The New Year. The Festival Continues For 15 Days.. Kagyed Dance (Monastic Dance) Preceds The Lossong Festival. Nyempo Guzom, Which Also Falls During Lossong, Is Considered Most Inauspicious Occasion. And No Good Works Or Venture Are Made During The Period.

 

Sunwar (Mukhia Alias Koinch) Sagoon:
This Is A Minor Puja Ceremony Done Twice A Year By Natso With Syamboo, Incense, Bospati To Propitiate The Sunwar Gods And Spirits Of The Death Ancestors.

 

Tamu Lochar (Gurung):
Tamu Lochar Is One Of The Traditional Festivals Of The Gurung Community. It Marks The Beginning Of The Gurung New Year Which Falls On The 15th Day Of Pusa, According Vikram Sambat And 30th December In English Calendar. The Festival Is Celebrated With The Family And Community As A Whole.

 

Sonam Lochar (Tamang):
Sonam Lochar Is An Important Festival Of Tamang Community. The Festival Falls In The Month January And February (Magha Sukla Pakcha) Spring Season.Like Other Communities, The Tamangs Also Celebrate Their Festival With Great Joy And Religious Fervor Which Lasts For Five To Fifteen Days From Place To Place.

 

Barahimzong (Mangar):
Barahimizong Is Observed On The Fifth Day Of Mangar Purnima. In Mangar Language Barahi Means God, Minaat Or Mi Means Worship Or Prayer And 'Zong' Means Fort. The Barahimizong Has Been Named Affter The Day Of Mangar Worship Their Forefathers Or Kul Devtaasl.

 

Losar (Tibetan New Year):
Accoding To The Tibetan Lunar Calendar The First Day Of The First Month Of Tibetan Calendar Corresponding With English Calendar The Month Of February-March. They Offer Prayers And Welcome The New Year